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Thursday, December 26, 2019

How to control high blood pressure

How to control high pressure - upgainer.com


Blood pressure is determined by two main factors: the amount of blood pumped by the heart, and the amount of arterial resistance to blood flow through it, as the increase in the amount of blood pumped, in addition to narrowing the arteries leads to high blood pressure, and in fact the blood pressure is considered High common medical conditions, which lead to the patient with health problems such as heart disease through a strong rush of blood, and collision with the walls of the arteries for a long period of time, it is worth noting that the high blood pressure, which arises over several years, does not mean the need for clear symptoms On the patient, there are many bitter Those with high blood pressure for many years do not show any symptoms, but not showing any symptoms of high blood pressure does not negate the occurrence of damage to the heart and blood vessels, which makes a person more vulnerable to other health problems in the event that high blood pressure is not controlled, It should be noted that high blood pressure can be detected easily, in addition to the possibility of controlling it through the doctor's follow-up.

High blood pressure control

Treatment of high blood pressure depends on many factors, including the severity of high blood pressure, and the presence of factors that increase the risk of cardiovascular disease, stroke, etc. In the event that high blood pressure is simple, and that the risk of cardiovascular disease is relatively small, the doctor may recommend a procedure Lifestyle modifications, but in the case of high blood pressure of moderate intensity, and that the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases during the next ten years is more than 20%, the doctor prescribes some medications, in addition to making lifestyle adjustments, either if the blood pressure readings reach 180/110 mmHg it The patient is referred to a doctor who specializes in this field.

Lifestyle modifications

There are many lifestyle adjustments that help reduce high blood pressure, with these adjustments having to be discussed with the doctor before making any of them, and some of these changes include:

Doing regular exercise: Regular exercise for 30-60 minutes over five days during the week reduces blood pressure by approximately 4-9 mmHg, as these changes can be observed after approximately 2-3 weeks of starting exercises Sports, especially among patients who used to follow a lifestyle free of activity in the past, and in fact the secret of the success of obtaining benefit from exercise is the practice of it regularly, and it is worth discussing the doctor about choosing the appropriate program for the patient to meet his needs, and the extent of its impact on his health.

Weight loss: Studies have revealed the great importance of losing weight in lowering high blood pressure, as losing weight, even if moderately, has a positive effect in lowering high blood pressure, and it is worth noting that reducing excess weight and achieving ideal weight not only leads to lower blood pressure It improves the effect of antihypertensive drugs, and scientists have shown that using a notebook to blog daily foods increases the chances of losing weight.

Practicing relaxation techniques: The addition of relaxation techniques and stress-control techniques to other lifestyle adjustments may improve treatment for high blood pressure, especially among the elderly, depending on the observation of researchers at the Massachusetts General Hospital of this, as revealed by One study shows that the practice of Tai chi increases the ability to exercise, reduces high blood pressure, and improves levels of cholesterol, insulin, and triglycerides (English: Triglyceride), and C-reactive protein (English: C-Reactive protein) R at risk of heart disease.

Sleep: Scientists at the University of Chicago revealed after observing 500 middle-aged people for five years that not sleeping long enough increases the risk of high blood pressure, and in 2008 one study showed that sleeping for less or more than the number of hours of sleep that Recommended for adults, which is 7-8 hours per night, increases the risk of developing high blood pressure.

Medication options

The patient may need to use one or more of the high blood pressure medications to control it, and the medicinal options used in the treatment of high blood pressure include the following:

Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors: Angiotensin causes narrowing of the walls of blood vessels and arteries and thus raises blood pressure. In fact, this group of drugs prevents the body from producing angiotensin, which leads to the relaxation of blood vessels, thus reducing blood pressure High blood.

Diuretics: Diuretics help the kidneys get rid of excess sodium and excess fluids through the urine, which helps to reduce high blood pressure, as high sodium levels and more fluid in the body lead to high blood pressure.

Calcium channel blockers: Medicines belonging to this group reduce the strength of the heartbeat by preventing calcium from entering the heart muscle, in addition to causing the blood vessels to relax, which reduces high blood pressure

Beta blocker: These drugs reduce the amount of blood pumped into the arteries in each pulse, by slowing the heart rate and reducing its strength, which leads to lowering high blood pressure, and it also prevents Doing some of the hormones responsible for raising blood pressure

Alpha-2 agonists: these drugs affect the nervous flow that causes blood vessels to narrow, which helps blood vessels to relax, thereby lowering high blood pressure.

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